Dr. Chirag Mittal
Cornea Surgeon & Eye Specialist
Dr. Himani Mittal
Newborn & Child Specialist
Superspeciality Centre for Eyes & Childhood Diseases
A glaucoma is a group of eye conditions that damage the optic nerve. The optic nerve sends visual information from your eye to your brain and is vital for good vision. Damage to the optic nerve is often related to high pressure in your eye. But glaucoma can happen even with normal eye pressure.
GLAUCOMA - DECODED
WHAT IS GLAUCOMA?
Glaucoma refers to a category of disorders that can harm the optic nerve, which is responsible for carrying visual impulses to the brain. If left untreated, glaucoma will typically cause permanent blind spots or complete blindness. In the early stages, glaucoma doesn’t have any glaring symptoms and is frequently referred to as the “silent thief.” Even though there is no cure for the disease, it can be slowed with early detection and appropriate therapies. If you are over 40 years old, contact our team at AMVision - Delhi to schedule an eye exam and take control of your ocular health.
DO I HAVE GLAUCOMA?
We frequently see individuals living with glaucoma and help them to manage the disease. It’s crucial to know that detection and treatment in the early stages can help you keep your vision loss under control. Our doctors recommend that everyone who has possible symptoms, a family history of glaucoma, or who has already been diagnosed with glaucoma to arrange a visit to our centre. We will perform advanced diagnostics to assess your eye health and find out if any issues could exist.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF GLAUCOMA?
While glaucoma can often go unnoticed without a professional eye exam, some common symptoms include:
Pulsing eye pain
Loss of peripheral vision (tunnel vision)
Redness in the eyes
Sudden vision loss
Halos around lights
Nausea and vomiting
WHAT CAUSES GLAUCOMA?
All types of glaucoma are caused by the deterioration of the optic nerve. Almost always, this trauma is due to increased internal eye pressure from eye fluid retention. In normally functioning eyes, the fluid essential to the eye tissue can easily flow as necessary via a unique tissue, the trabecular meshwork, which supports the area between the iris and the cornea. In some cases, this movement is obstructed or severely slowed, which leads to fluid build-up. When a diagnosis of glaucoma is established, there are a number of approaches patients can use to help control it. All of these methods focus on reducing intraocular pressure to avoid more trauma to the optical nerve.
Can glaucoma be cured?
Currently, there is no cure for glaucoma. However, there are several effective treatments that help to manage IOP (intraocular pressure) and preserve eye health. Regular eye exams for early diagnosis and treatment of glaucoma are the most effective way to ensure the overall health of your vision.
Can glaucoma cause blindness?
Because there are a wide variety of procedures and medications to treat glaucoma, blindness caused by glaucoma is now very rare. In India, only about 5% of people diagnosed with glaucoma will go blind.
What is the best treatment for glaucoma?
There is no “best” treatment for glaucoma. At AMVision, we will create a personalized treatment plan best suited to target and treat your glaucoma. This may include MIGS, trabeculectomy, medications, laser surgery, or glaucoma implants. During your consultation, we will examine your current eye health and medical history to determine which treatment is best to help preserve the health of your eyes and vision.
At what age should I start being checked for glaucoma?
Eye health is unique for each patient, but typically patients over the age of 40 should be checked for glaucoma during routine eye exams. Glaucoma can happen at any age but is more common in older adults over the age of 60.